Tuesday, August 25, 2020

Mind/Body Problem Essay

The psyche/body issue is the issue of indicating the connection between the brain and body. Prior to encourage clarification of this issue, it is critical to completely see each term as it is being utilized all through this paper. The psyche, as I will call it, is illustrative of the cognizance of a person. This is to state that the piece of an individual which decides will and decision, the encounters and sensations are all in all alluded to as psyche. The body, now and again more explicitly, the cerebrum, means the physical parts of an individual. This is comprehensive of the physical mass, neurons responsiveness to upgrades, and physical area. Presently, with a progressively complete comprehension of psyche and body, one can come back to the issue of the relationship concerning the two. One approach to see this subject is to consider it characterizing the relationship of mental states and mind (neural) states. While savants have not arrived at a complete clarification to this issue, the years possess gave plentiful energy to a couple of noticeable speculations to create. It might be felt that science could give a solution to our concern, however this isn't the situation. While science may give us knowledge to various elements of cerebrum expresses that associate to mental procedures, it doesn't demonstrate how they are connected or why. This can be clarified through the perspective observation. Science can give an away from of how the mind capacities; it can illustrate the sources of info and yields. Science may likewise be able to clarify what sentiments and feelings are. For instance, it might have the option to clarify gnawing into a late spring peach and portray the taste. In any case, science can't encounter the manner in which a mid year peach tastes to me, as a person. It can't feel the manner in which I do at whatever point I consider my mom. This is the distinction as an outsider looking in context (the one in particular that science is really ready to offer) and the main individual point of view of the individual really encountering the circumstance. While it appears as if there is a causal connection between the brain and body, implying that the psyche influences the body and the body affects the brain, the inquiry despite everything stays with regards to how this cooperation capacities and why. It is now that thinkers give various answers for these inquiries. The dualist viewpoint offers that the psyche and body are two totally unmistakable ontological substances, regardless of whether in creation, capacity, or connection. On the other hand, the physicalist contends that the psyche and body are both reasonable in physical terms on the grounds that there is nothing more to this world than the physical angles. This is to state that the brain is of a similar stuff as the body on the grounds that truth be told, they are the equivalent. The psyche is essentially a procedure of the physical cerebrum. Straight to the point Jackson uses a psyche analyze in his composition, What Mary Didn’t Know to challenge this idea of physicalism. Jackson requests that his perusers envision a lady named Mary who is limited to a high contrast room. She is instructed through a high contrast screen everything that there is to think about the physical idea of the world. As indicated by physicalism, she knows everything to know. Notwithstanding, one day Mary is taken outside of the highly contrasting room. Right now, she will realize what it resembles to see and experience the shading red. As per Jackson, Mary gains some new useful knowledge; something well beyond every last bit of her physical information on the world. If so, that would bring about the way that there are a few things on the planet that are not physical things. Jackson’s contention might be organized in a manner that plainly characterizes his point. Mary knows everything physical there is to think about others. Mary doesn't have a universal knowledge of others. It follows that there are certainties about others that escape the physicalist’s story. Using the information contention, Jackson declares that since Mary realized what encountering the shading red resembles, that she discovered some new information and picked up information about something outside the physicalist’s contention. This, in Jackson’s point of view, ruins physicalism in such a case that while operating at a profit and white room Mary knows each physical actuality, at that point she should know it all. In any case, by increasing another experience and getting the hang of something outside of the room, at that point there are things that can't be clarified genuinely. Jackson contends that learning on a highly contrasting screen isn’t enough to find out about mental life. It isn't sufficient to find out about the qualia of encounters. These qualia allude to the individual subjective sentiments of an encounter. For instance, what tasting a ready summer peach is really similar to encounter. Subsequently there must be something more to the story. Taking an alternate view, Colin McGinn offers his viewpoint on the psyche/body issue in his composition, Can we Solve the Mindâ€Body Problem? McGinn proposes that no, we can't fathom the psyche/body issue and in that lies our answer that we ought not be stressed over this issue since we will always be unable to explain it. McGinn maps out a few motivations to help his decision. He starts by clarifying why past endeavors of clarification have neglected to explain the brain/body issue. McGinn states that past contentions utilize one of two strategies. The first is to fall back on the utilization of extraordinary methods. McGinn says this is similarly as â€Å"extreme as the problem†, implying that demonstrating this reason is similarly as troublesome as the end it is intended to help. Moreover, he says that different contentions utilize the utilization of clarifying mental states through physical properties of the mind. This demonstrates risky too. McGinn offers an alternate road, it is the thing that he calls, psychological conclusion. He accepts that there is a characteristic clarification for the manner by which the brain and body cooperate with one another however that we, as people, are shut to its clarification. He proposes his contention along these lines: Human personalities are like organic bodies in which that they have various degrees of limit and psychological capacity. Despite the fact that a brain may not have the psychological capacity to comprehend an idea, this would not suggest that the idea is false. He utilizes the case of the light range. While people can just view a little bit of the light range, it doesn't limit different levels. A similar standard might be applied here. Besides, a thought might be totally subjectively shut if there is no chance of any brain having the option to get it. Be that as it may, a similar standard of its reality esteem remains. McGinn contends that the psyche/body issue is an issue that is totally intellectually shut to people. Hence, regardless of what headways in science or innovation that may happen, it will in any case never be sufficient to comprehend the brain/body issue. This should give people some significant serenity. McGinn says that there ought to be not have to stress over unraveling an issue that can never be comprehended. Remembering McGinn’s worldview of thought, by and by consider Jackson’s article, What Mary didn’t know. While Jackson appears to offer a solid contention, McGinn may question it based on his first reason. On the off chance that the human psyche is psychologically shut to specific degrees of information, at that point it is outlandish for Mary to pick up everything there is to know in her high contrast room. Actually, it doesn't make a difference where Mary gets her learning, she will never increase total information. Her breaking point would arrive at the degree of information where her mind is subjectively open to her. While the facts confirm that Mary would have the information on everything that people might comprehend; she despite everything isn't all-knowing. By denying Jackson’s first reason, it renders his contention invalid.

Saturday, August 22, 2020

Lituma in the Andes Review Essay Example

Lituma in the Andes Review Paper Article on Lituma in the Andes C Litumoy and, simultaneously, and Llosa, I met very unintentionally. My then youngster gave me this book, and maybe this is the best thing he has accomplished for me. His extraordinary thank you for it! The book at that point despite everything remained with him, yet I kept of her fondest recollections, in the no so distant past, downloaded from the Internet, so I have it within reach. Shouldn't something be said about Litume. This Peruvian corporal, police chasing for the neighborhood vermin. In the mountains of Peru shastayut strange gathering tovarischa equipped with tons of weaponry with Kalashnikovs, and slaughter authorities. Really Elusive Avengers on the grounds that nobody can discover them. With the wrongdoing scene they stow away totally. Lituma exploring the case. What's more, over the span of activity it is that the companions do with it. Just Andes an enchanted spot in Latin America, where the laws of mankind doesn't act. Here his reality. Its laws. Here owners works Dionysus himself and his better half Ariadne. Theres even a minotaur. Indeed, what I mean, honorable men. Indeed, what laws? ðÿ™‚ We will compose a custom exposition test on Lituma in the Andes Review explicitly for you for just $16.38 $13.9/page Request now We will compose a custom exposition test on Lituma in the Andes Review explicitly for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Recruit Writer We will compose a custom exposition test on Lituma in the Andes Review explicitly for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Recruit Writer Lituma here looks genuine outsider. Human culture can not rival the Greek legends. So, even with enchantment authenticity. It is by all accounts a reality, yet there are blended with the goal that no story to tell, nor pen portray. The story in Llosa is likewise at elevation. Mountains, mountains One can see that the creator is enamored with his country. Furthermore, this adoration is a little bit at a time, by letters coming, and streams in us. (As a dumb promoting Coca-Colaâ »). Understand it and you will like it!

Tuesday, August 11, 2020

Freshman Fifty-Four

Freshman Fifty-Four Two weeks of class have already flown by. Problem sets are perpetual, clubs and UROPs are underway, and the realization that I have officially begun working towards my degree has settled in. This semester, I took 54 units; Four regular courses and one half semester class to reach the credit limit. To give you a glimpse of what a week of my life looks like, here is my schedule: (NO 9 A.M. CLASSES HEHE) Every weekday, I start off with Biology. I knew I was going to take biology my first semester here under Pass/No Record because I have not taken a biology class since 9th grade and well, I figured if one class was going to be a disaster, it’d be this one. I was always heavily involved with chemistry and physics at my high school, so I was definitely the most concerned that I was going to be thrown into a class with virtually zero prior knowledge and expected to perform well. Luckily enough, I got into 7.012 through the lottery! The class is taught by Professor Lander and Professor Weinberg that make the subject easy to understand and much more interesting. Also, they both are insanely accomplished, and the stuff they have done for the field is just crazy. Look them up! I never had a true interest in biology like I do with the other sciences, but I have really enjoyed the class thus far. It also should be mentioned that it is a major plus to hear the man who discovered the first oncogene say, “The street value of NADH is 3 ATPs, when explaining biochemistry to us. Then there’s 8.02; Physics 2: Electricity and Magnetism. This is easily my favorite subject! It was always my favorite aspect of high school physics and nothing has changed here. I have Professor Tegmark who, on the first day, said hello and greetings to people in my class in probably twenty-five languages. I think the whole class was just waiting at one point for someone to say they were from a different nation to see if he knew the native tongue. It was the definitely the most linguistically satisfying moment I will most likely ever get to experience. The class is in TEAL format that focuses a lot on group problem solving. We work in groups of three, which works out perfectly since two other Interphasers, Nicole and Sarah, are in there with me. As a class, we take up all the whiteboards that surround the class and fill them up with Gauss this and Gauss that by the end of the class. Contrary to the norm, I have really enjoyed TEAL so far, but I will follow up at the end of the sem ester. Oh, by the way, I am pretty sure Professor Tegmark declared National Gauss Appreciation Day on September 13th. To not get so long winded on the rest, I will just write the highlights below: 6.0001 (Intro Comp Sci; Python): The classic day/problem set/opening up python consists of me screaming at a computer to stop messing up every time I hit the Run button. Computers and programming are like a foreign language to me as of now, so I am really working extra in this class. Also, for those who use MITX, seeing Professor Grimson in person was the equivalent of seeing Jaden Smith. 18.02 (Multivariable Calculus): The Professor brought us Redbull on the first day. 17.40 (American Foreign Policy): “Merica”, power struggles, and the historical game of RISK. For a history geek like me, this class is a great mashup between historical analysis and political science that is extremely fascinating with a very knowledgeable professor. Last but not least, there’s Squash! Picture this: The previously #1 ranked squash player in the world is coaching a group on the fundamentals of the game. The whistle blows and practice begins. An individual get hit smack in the face within a mere minute by a squash ball rebounded from the wall. That individual is me Tuesdays and Thursdays from 2-3 p.m. I will say, I love ping pong, and I am really starting to enjoy this class as well as a lot of skills and such transfer over. Besides the classes part of the day, I am starting to ease into some potential clubs, looking at intramural sports, and my UROP just got started last Tuesday! Also, I have been riding my bike on the weekends to different townships and really getting a lay of the land. Newton, Massachusetts is absolutely stunning. I am getting into a routine here already, and I am honestly extremely excited. I feel comfortable at MIT. I feel I definitely belong here. Post Tagged #6.0001 #7.012 Intro to Biology #8.02 Physics II: Electricity and Magnetism #PE #Squash

Saturday, May 23, 2020

Polyethylene Terephthalate Plastics

PET plastics or polyethylene terephthalate is used in many different products. The properties of PET makes it ideal for a number of different uses and these advantages make it one of the most common plastics available today. Understanding more about the history of PET, as well as the chemical properties, will allow you to appreciate this plastic even more. In addition, most communities recycle this type of plastic, which allows it to be used again and again. What are the chemical properties of PET? PET Chemical Properties This plastic is a thermoplastic resin of the polyester family and is commonly used in many different products, including synthetic fibers. It can exist in both a transparent and a semi-crystalline polymer, depending upon the processing and thermal history. Polyethylene terephthalate is a polymer that is formed by combining two monomers: modified ethylene glycol and purified terephthalic acid. PET can be modified with additional polymers as well, making it acceptable and usable for other uses. History of PET The history of PET began in 1941. The first patent was filed by John Whinfield and James Dickson, along with their employer, the Calico Printers Association of Manchester. They based their invention on the earlier work of Wallace Carothers. They, working with others, created the first polyester fiber called Terylene in 1941, which was followed by many other types and brands of polyester fibers. Another patent was filed in 1973 by Nathaniel Wyeth for PET bottles, which he used for medicines. Advantages of PET PET offers several different advantages. PET can be found in many different forms, from semi-rigid to rigid. This is largely dependent upon its thickness. It is a lightweight plastic that can be made into a number of different products. It is very strong and has impact resistant properties as well. As far as color, it is largely colorless and transparent, although color can be added, depending upon the product that it is being used for. These advantages make PET one of the most common types of plastic that is found today. Uses of PET There are many different uses for PET. One of the most common is for drink bottles, including soft drinks and more. PET film or what is called Mylar is used for balloons, flexible food packaging, space blankets, and as a carrier for magnetic tape or backing for pressure sensitive adhesive tape. In addition, it can be formed to make trays for frozen dinners and for other packaging trays and blisters. If glass particles or fibers are added to the PET, it becomes more durable and stiffer in nature. PET is largely used for synthetic fibers, also known as polyester. PET Recycling PET is commonly recycled in most areas of the country, even with curbside recycling, which is simple and easy for everyone. Recycled PET can be used in a number of different things, including polyester fibers for carpeting, parts for cars, fiberfill for coats and sleeping bags, shoes, luggage, t-shirts, and more. The way to tell if you are dealing with PET plastic is looking for the recycling symbol with the number 1 inside of it. If you are not sure that your community recycles it, simply contact your recycling center and ask. They will be happy to help. PET is a very common type of plastic and understanding its composition, as well as its advantages and uses, will allow you to appreciate it a little bit more. You most likely have lots of products in your home that contains PET, which means that you have the opportunity to recycle and allow your product to make even more products. Chances are you will touch different PET products over a dozen times today.

Tuesday, May 12, 2020

Commercial Law Free Essay Example, 2250 words

Patents refer to an exclusive right granted by the central governments to the creator of an invention to use, produce or sell the invention. Trademarks refer to names, designs, symbol, slogans, word or any other distinctive device that ascertains a product or a business. Also, it involves the use of symbols that are added to goods to distinguish them from similar products of other manufacturers. Patents and trademarks are an industrial intellectual property. The origin of a trademark can be traced to 2000 years ago among the Romans. In that period, Roman used to imprint or inscribed their goods with marks to differentiate them from those of other manufacturers. Ever since merchants have relied on those marks to single their products in the market. However, lack of registration of trademark legislation made it hard for the court to settle claims involving infringement owners right to the goods. The court relied on principles of common law to settle such claims. However, common law re lied on the evidence given by the claimant to prove the right of ownership. Such evidence depended on the reputation the plaintiffs had established in relation to use of the particular mark. We will write a custom essay sample on Commercial Law or any topic specifically for you Only $17.96 $11.86/page v. Hill Smith Ltd, patenting is a process in which the proprietor informs interested individuals or organizations about the most distinguishing features of his or her products or services.

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Importance of Initial Consultation and Ethical Issues Facing the Therapist Free Essays

string(41) " the use of a free initial consultation\." Introduction This paper discusses why the initial consultation is so important and what factors an ethical therapist will cover in this aspect of the therapy process. It also tackles the ethical issues besetting a therapist in the conduct of his profession dealing with psychotherapeutic counseling and hypnotherapy and counseling skills. The role of a therapist in the behaviour alteration of his or her client is so vital that it is necessary to observe some ethical considerations in the practice of his profession. We will write a custom essay sample on Importance of Initial Consultation and Ethical Issues Facing the Therapist or any similar topic only for you Order Now Importance of initial consultation An initial consultation is the first of the stages of psychotherapy and generally includes a discussion of the reasons as to why the client is seeking psychotherapy help and what he is hoping to obtain from the experience. Why it is important is because it provides an opportunity to find out whether the needs, interests, and goals of the client fit with the skills of the therapist. This stage also provides the initial clarification about the limits of confidentiality, therapeutic approach, and other terms of professional services. Moreover, the initial consultation helps both the client and the therapist to gauge whether each is likely to be able to work with the other successfully (Plante, 2011). The importance of initial consultation is also found in making a formal determination of the client’s fit for a psychotherapeutic relationship and potential for meaningful change (Klonoff, 2010). Whilst informed consent is shown as important in the therapy process, with a clear descr iption of the limits of confidentiality, full informed consent to treatment has been mandated by ethical guidelines. If for example, a client approaches a therapist for initial consultation, informed consent to treatment may involve information on behavioural therapies demonstrating effectiveness and rapid changes in the treatment of the behavioral problem that the client is complaining about (e.g. panic) (Weiner and Hess, 2006). Further, initial consultation is important because it is where a range of decisions are in terms of whether to schedule a second session. For example, the client may evaluate whether it is adequate to have his or her needs be met by working with the therapist, as well as whether the practical terms of the therapy are acceptable to the client. In addition, considering the information thus provided during the consultation session, the therapist may ascertain whether he or she possesses the needed expertise to work effectively and successfully with the client (Klonoff, 2010). Another importance of initial consultation is that it allows initiating a collaborative relationship between the client and the therapist and evaluating initial consultation efforts. If the therapist happens to assess a need for consultation services, then the entry stage would then initiate a consulting relationship. The value of initial consultation is seen in the establishment of a voluntary and collaborative consulting relationship between the counselor and the client. Different role expectations can lead to resistance on the part of the client, which thus necessitates a vital importance of agreement relating to role expectations to reduce such potential resistance. An initial step in evaluating a client’s condition is establishing an accurate diagnosis, which is done during the initial consultation (Boylan et al., 2011). Much as the above are important for conducting an initial consultation, it is also because such consultation may potentially lead the client not to continue further services. The client may come to a decision that the therapist, for some reason, cannot adequately meet his or her needs. For example, he or she may find the therapist as being too direct, aloof, expensive, inexperienced, young, old, etc., and thus may conclude that the therapist’s qualities are not fit to his or her needs. The client may also feel better after the initial consultation and may no longer feel compelled to continue further sessions. Similarly, the therapist may decline from providing continued services for a variety of reasons, such as the client’s revelation of an alcohol problem, about which the therapist might decide to refer him or her instead to a specialist in the treatment of problems relating to substance abuse (Plante, 2011). Alternatively, there are times that patients are referred by their physician right after discharge from an inpatient rehabilitation setting. Of note, the one seeking therapy for the patient is in fact not the patient himself but the patient’s family. Perceptive health care professionals are the ones who usually recognise a need for psychotherapy by the patient, with an emphasis on coping, psychoeducation, and deficit adjustment. Therefore, it must not always be assumed that it is the client who is motivated to seek psychotherapy (Klonoff, 2010). In cases of patients being considered for psychotherapy, a physician’s referral is needed, in which relevant medical records must be acquired to determine whether the patient is appropriate for therapy as well as whether he or she anticipates potential psychotherapeutic needs and challenges. It is during the initial consultation in which records are presented after being obtained and reviewed in advance in order for the therapis t to thoroughly understand what the client has gone through or is going through (Klonoff, 2010). Therefore, without the initial consultation, psychotherapeutic intervention might not be sufficient and effective enough. Ethical issues faced by therapists The psychotherapist is guided by ethical standards and codes that provide professional standards aimed at guiding their ethical conduct (Kohlenberg and Tsai, 2007). One ethical issue faced by a therapist in terms of initial consultation is whether to provide the consultation free of charge to the client, as some clients who have taken up this offer tended to decide to continue in counseling because of being obliged to do so. This would prompt a concern whether the therapist has violated any portion of the code of ethics (Welfel, 2013). There are some who do not charge for initial consultations, and it is important that the client is informed whether the therapist does or does not charge for the first session (Wheeler, 2014). A potential problem may ensue with the use of a free initial consultation. You read "Importance of Initial Consultation and Ethical Issues Facing the Therapist" in category "Essay examples" This is because clients may feel committed after the initial consultatio n and may have difficulty declining further treatment because the initial consultation was free of charge. Some might even regard this practice as taking advantage of clients and may perhaps be seen as undue influence mentioned in the code of ethics (Welfel, 2013). Another ethical issue that may ensue during initial consultation is sexual attraction between the client and the therapist, which is identified as a boundary ethical issue (Houser et al., 2006). The client may have emotional or sex-related problems that he/she initially presents to the therapist, which the therapist must approach objectively. Albeit discussion of these feelings can foster therapeutic progress, it is still unethical and counter-therapeutic to act on them. Even when it may seem sound to become sexual with a client with sexual problems as an intervention, engaging in such unethical activity is definitely against established ethical standards and codes. Rather, the best intervention that the therapist may adopt for his/her client with sexual problems is sex therapy with the client and a significant other.The several malpractice suits filed against therapists relating to sexual relationships with their client only confirm the unethical and counter-therapeutic stance of se xual relationship between the therapist and client (Kohlenberg and Tsai, 2007). Even at the onset of the initial consultation, sexual attraction may already spark, which the therapist, being the more responsible person, must put a wall against. Emotional tyranny is also a common ethical issue that may occur even during an initial consultation. It is a term describing abuse of power by psychotherapists to the disadvantage of their clients, caused by the power imbalance between them. For example, during the initial consultation, the therapist’s power is seen in how he establishes the therapy session, how long the session should last, how often he and the client should meet, how much the session costs, and what the permissible and impermissible behaviour must be within the session (Kohlenberg and Tsai, 2007). The realm of ethical decision-making involves the aspects of ethical dilemma, the client and the therapist’s values, race, gender, personal history, etc.; local and national laws; professional knowledge; and codes of ethics (Houser et al., 2006). The therapist may also face violations relating to dual relationships. Such relationships are nonsexual that may involve counseling a friend, relative, or neighbour, as well as receiving referrals from people who know the client and the counseling process. An ethical dilemma of dual relationships may potentially occur when the therapist has several roles with a client; in that apart from being a client, the person is also a friend, a neighbor, a relative, etc. to the therapist. It has been suggested that accepting referrals from existing clients may constitute a boundary violation (Houser et al., 2006). Indeed, even at the initial consultation, the therapist is already face-to-face with the issue of whether to continue with the professional relationship, or terminate it right away upon seeing his or her friend across the table as a client seeking therapy. Self-disclosure is another ethical issue besetting the therapist. Even during the initial consultation, the issue of self-disclosure may occur. Relating to this issue, it is important to determine the extent of information a therapist should share with the client and the types of self-disclosure to be made as well. Another example of ethical issue involving boundary is socialising with a client outside the counseling session and negotiating for fees (Houser et al., 2006). One possible ethical dilemma facing the therapist during is confidentiality, which deals with maintaining privacy and non-disclosure of information to others outside the counseling relationship, unless the client expresses consent to do so (Jenkins, 2007; Houser et al., 2006). Whenever the client enters the counseling room for the first time, he or she already expects that anything being discussed with the therapist would be kept confidential. It has been found that violations of confidentiality were a common complaint made against therapists and counselors. The client, even in the initial consultation, already begins disclosing some personal matters to the therapist, which the therapist is expected to keep confidential as his legal duty. Of important note however is the fact that confidentiality is not absolute and that there are times in which the therapist may divulge certain information a necessary (Corey, 2013; Houser et al., 2006). Examples of these are those surrounding harm that may involve the client who is contemplating about suicide or is expressing thoughts about inflicting harm to others; court-involved clients; child abuse reports; and clients with medical conditions who express engaging in precarious acts relating to their condition (e.g. HIV) (Houser et al., 2006). Further, it was found that successful outcomes ensue when clients change their personal values and take a close resemblance of that of the therapist/counselor. A relevant ethical dilemma with regard to this is in order for the counseling to be successful, how similar the client’s values must be to the counselor. Moreover, another dilemma is whether fostering such similarity is ethical and helpful enough to the client. A question for the profession is whether therapists utilise moral and ethical frameworks reflecting society’s norms as the only basis of their ethical decision-making, or whether therapists come to an ethical decision whilst taking into account the values, morality, and ethical stances of their diverse client population (O’Donohue and Fisher, 2009; Houser et al., 2006). These issues are being dealt with even upon an initial consultation. Conclusion This paper dealt with the importance of initial consultation and the ethical issues facing the therapist in the performance of his profession. An initial consultation is important because it forms the basis of the client’s diagnosis. It generally covers finding out the reasons as to why the client seeks help and what he or she aims to obtain as a result of the psychotherapy experience. The ethical issues faced by the therapist in the conduct of his profession during the initial consultation are those involving a decision to charge the client for a specific fee or not for the initial consultation; potential sexual attraction between them; the issue of confidentiality and client consent; emotional tyranny; violations relating to dual relationships; and self-disclosure. Having laid down these ethical factors besetting a therapist, the conclusion being arrived at is that the therapist is bound by set standards and ethical codes through which the expected functions of his performance must be based, and that he/she should conduct the initial consultation and further sessions objectively. References Boylan, J. C., Malley, P. B/, and Reilly, E. P. (2011) Practicum Internship: Textbook and Resource Guide for Counseling and Psychotherapy. Third Edition. NY: Brunner-Routledge. Corey, G. (2013) Theory and Practice of Counseling and Psychotherapy. Ninth Edition. Mason, OH: Cengage Learning. Houser, R., Wilczenski, F. L., and Ham, M. (2006) Culturally Relevant Ethical Decision-Making in Counseling. London: Sage Publications, Inc. Jenkins, P. (2007) Counseling, Psychotherapy and the Law. London: Sage Publications, Inc. Klonoff, P. S. (2010) Psychotherapy After Brain Injury: Principles and Techniques. NY: The Guilford Press. Kohlenberg, R. J. and Tsai, M. (2007) Functional Analytic Psychotherapy: Creating Intense and Curative Therapeutic Relationships. NY: Springer. O’Donohue, W. T. and Fisher, J. E. (2009) General Principles and Empirically Supported Techniques of Cognitive Behavior Therapy. NJ: John Wiley Sons. Plante, T. G. (2011) Contemporary Clinical Psychology. NJ: John Wiley Sons. Weiner, I. B. and Hess, A. K. (2006) The Handbook of Forensic Psychology. NJ: John Wiley Sons. Welfel, E. (2013) Ethics in Counseling and Psychotherapy. Mason, OH: Cengage Learning. Wheeler, K. (2014) Psychotherapy for the Advanced Practice Psychiatric Nurse: A How-to Guide for Evidence-Based Practice. NY: Springer Publishing Company, LLC. Bibliography Boylan, J. C., Malley, P. B/, and Reilly, E. P. (2011) Practicum Internship: Textbook and Resource Guide for Counseling and Psychotherapy. Third Edition. NY: Brunner-Routledge. Clarkson, P. (2005) Transactional Analysis Psychotherapy: An Integrated Approach. NY: Routledge. Cooper, J. and Alfille, H. (2011) A Guide to Assessment for Psychoanalytic Psychotherapists. London: Karnac Books Ltd. Corey, G. (2013) Theory and Practice of Counseling and Psychotherapy. Ninth Edition. Mason, OH: Cengage Learning. Forrest, G. G. (2010) Self-disclosure in Psychotherapy and Recovery. Plymouth: Jason Aronson. Houser, R., Wilczenski, F. L., and Ham, M. (2006) Culturally Relevant Ethical Decision-Making in Counseling. London: Sage Publications, Inc. Jenkins, P. (2007) Counseling, Psychotherapy and the Law. London: Sage Publications, Inc. Klonoff, P. S. (2010) Psychotherapy After Brain Injury: Principles and Techniques. NY: The Guilford Press. Kohlenberg, R. J. and Tsai, M. (2007) Functional Analytic Psychotherapy: Creating Intense and Curative Therapeutic Relationships. NY: Springer. O’Donohue, W. T. and Fisher, J. E. (2009) General Principles and Empirically Supported Techniques of Cognitive Behavior Therapy. NJ: John Wiley Sons. Plante, T. G. (2011) Contemporary Clinical Psychology. NJ: John Wiley Sons. Weiner, I. B. and Hess, A. K. (2006) The Handbook of Forensic Psychology. NJ: John Wiley Sons. Welfel, E. (2013) Ethics in Counseling and Psychotherapy. Mason, OH: Cengage Learning. Wheeler, K. (2014) Psychotherapy for the Advanced Practice Psychiatric Nurse: A How-to Guide for Evidence-Based Practice. NY: Springer Publishing Company, LLC. How to cite Importance of Initial Consultation and Ethical Issues Facing the Therapist, Essay examples

Saturday, May 2, 2020

ICT Ethical Dilemma Facebook is Chipping Away at Privacy

Question: Discuss the Report for ICT Ethical Dilemma of Facebook is Chipping Away at Privacy. Answer: Introduction The process known as Doing ethics technique (DET) has the capability to analyze various ICT related ethical dilemmas rather than focusing on other types of ethical dilemmas. In this process, certain steps have to be followed to acquire knowledge on the existing ethical dilemmas on a particular topic or issue being published over the internet. The ethical dilemma maybe faced by any individual or even an organization. This technique also helps to illustrate and understand proper mitigation techniques that could be adopted as an alternative to eliminate the identified ethical issue. In context to Lilley, Grodzinsky and Gumbus (2012), answers to some set of questions serve as a means to perform DET. The answers are given in light of the chose circumstance on moral problem. Hence, in this paper an article Facebook is chipping away at privacy has been taken to perform DET. Application of Doing Ethics Technique (DET) on the article What is going on? The article delineates a recent ethical situation that has been occurred in a standout amongst the most famous overall utilized social site Facebook. The episode depends on the security of this social stage. It is accounted for that presently Facebook is wearing down the protection level and the profile of the clients has being uncovered without the validation from the client itself (Eden, Jirotka Stahl, 2013). The explanation for the investigation of individual information is for the most part happened because of the new extra web index that works with no sort of caution. However, the users of Facebook do not have any idea in regards to how to guarantee assurance. The condition had been stood up to by one of the Facebook customers who eradicated her profile in the year of 2014 yet recreated her profile in the year of 2015. What are the facts? The realities of this case rely on upon the security procedure of Facebook. The story relies on upon a man who stood up to the security huge issues while using the Facebook internet-organizing site. The loss of the story has a Facebook profile anyway; she eradicated that because of some individual reason in the year of 2014 (Hern, 2016). Yet again, in 2015 she opened another record with irrelevant advancement completely required information. The essential concern is this she might not want to stay in contact with any of her school allies rather her partners. She established that without her knowledge individuals could look her with the assistance of Facebook. Moreover, however she kept up an extreme security and protection in her Facebook account yet at the same time she found that individuals could care for her points of interest and pictures and certain divider post without her authorization (Wright et al., 2014). The truth of the matter is that, the authorization of the clients so me individual subtle elements are still open to all other Facebook clients. What are the issues? The story has certain moral and some non-moral issues from the casualty's perspective. Notwithstanding, the news depends on a specific Facebook account client yet the issues are enormously confronting by all the Facebook clients (Osman, Wardle Caesar, 2012). The goal of the online networking is sure towards the clients that it gives an overall associating system and a free stage to the Facebook clients. The major moral issue is this that individual points of interest are being investigated before everybody without the ability of the clients. The information security is excessively broad as a part of Facebook. As per the story, the major immoral issue is that it controls the protection of the framework and shockingly the individual information are being shared among others (Lannin Scott, 2013). Who is affected? In this specific story, the casualty is a Facebook account client. Nonetheless, the casualty is one client yet at the same time, this may emerge (Brew, Cervantes Shepard, 2013). The protection is a standout amongst the most essential segments amid the execution of any long-range interpersonal communication site where clients are coming and sharing their perspectives. What are the ethical issues and their implications? Among a few moral issues, the real issue characterized in this story is imparting of individual information to obscure and more bizarre individuals. However, the client is not intrigued to share her subtle elements but rather because of absence of security and protection rather for general security setting strategies, she will undoubtedly impart her points of interest to outsiders (Lannin Scott, 2013). Occasionally it is likewise found that individual information are being abused by others for doing incorrectly works. Then again, if the abuses of individual information, for example, saving money subtle elements and individual points of interest may likewise make awful effect in the client's brain. What could have been done about it? With a specific end goal to determine this issue, more overwhelming developing security strategies are to be executed by the Facebook authority. The security customization choice must be added to all the individual area of Facebook to prevent the moral issues (Kosinski et al., 2015). Aside from this, numerous rising advancements new businesses are there who are building easy to understand items with more improved protection strategies. These are to be added to the Facebook pages. What are the options? Keeping in mind the end goal to alleviate the issues happened in the story, can be expelled by fusing certain protection standards and directions to it. Joining of Ello (hostile to Facebook interpersonal organization), one of the most recent startup open concern, that help the client to figure out how the individual information can be kept secured (Hern, 2016). Decentralization of substitute Facebook can moderate the issue. Security well-disposed option Google pursuit can be included inside the framework. Which option is the best and why? Among the recorded arrangement one of the ideal answers for the ICT based Ethical issue is decentralization of exchange Facebook. Web access is an incomprehensible however unified structure and the extreme measure of information stream is taken care of by Google, Microsoft, and Facebook (Wright et al., 2014). In this manner, greatest quantities of information are taken care of by least organizations, where the odds of danger event are at most noteworthy. Therefore, decentralized interchange to Facebook is the best alternative as for this situation the information of the staff can be put away with most extreme security. With the assistance of Diaspora, programming clients can choose their required hub registers to recover or alter individual information. Conclusion The application of DET on the chosen article has comprehended the moral issue being raised by this incident. The programmers utilize some prestigious interpersonal interaction destinations for successfully hacking as well as removing data and information. The results from this examination have decided the different arrangement that can be executed in Facebook to hold the security of clients and keep up the records secretly. Finally, to conclude it can be said that the users of Facebook should be aware about the use of Diaspora so that they can prevent their personal information from public exposure. References Brew, L., Cervantes, J. M., Shepard, D. (2013). 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